Thursday, April 11, 2024

Where Can Shingles Appear On The Body

How Long Does A Shingles Outbreak Last

Shingles: Pathophysiology, Symptoms, 3 stages of Infection, Complications, Management, Animation.

It can take three to five weeks from the time you begin to feel symptoms until the rash totally disappears.

  • First, a few days before the rash appears, you may feel pain in an area on your skin. The pain is described as itching, burning, stabbing or shooting. This usually happens before the rash comes.
  • Next, the raised rash appears as a band or a patch, usually on one side of your body. The rash usually appears around your waistline or on one side of your face, neck, or on the trunk , but not always. It can occur in other areas including your arms and legs.
  • Within three to four days, the rash develops into red, fluid-filled, painful, open blisters.
  • Usually, these blisters begin to dry out and crust over within about 10 days.
  • The scabs clear up about two to three weeks later.
  • Are There Natural Ways To Boost Your Immune System To Help Lessen The Chances Of Developing Shingles

    Stress is a risk factor for developing shingles, so limiting your stress can be helpful. Try meditation, yoga or other relaxation methods.

    Other things you can do include:

    • Eat a healthy diet.
    • Aim for seven to nine hours of sleep each night.
    • Dont smoke or use tobacco products.

    These are all tips for an overall healthy lifestyle, not just for reducing your chance of getting shingles.

    Focus On Prevention Doctors Say

    Prevention is the best way to avoid a shingles episode.

    There is a vaccine that prevents the onset of shingles in people exposed to chickenpox. The CDC recommends that people age 60 and older get one dose of the vaccine. Vaccines are readily available at a doctors office and drug stores. In 2011, the Food and Drug Administration extended the vaccine use for people aged 50 to 59.

    Wigand-Bolling said the vaccine reduces the incidence of shingles by 51% and the neuralgia associated with shingles by 67%. The doctor said the vaccine is injected and once vaccinated a person is protected for life.

    Unless contraindicated because of pregnancy or being an organ transplant recipient or on chemotherapy, everyone over age 50 should be vaccinated, Wigand-Bolling said. I would recommend getting vaccinated to patients who may not have had chicken pox, or those who dont remember having chicken pox.

    More than 90% of those identified in the study at increased risk of stroke and heart attack after a shingles episode hadn’t been vaccinated for shingles. The people in the study who had the vaccine still got shingles, it’s worth noting.

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    What Does Shingles On The Face Look Like

    Shingles usually starts as a painful, tingling, itching, or numb sensation in the affected area of skin.

    A rash may later develop and eventually produce painful blisters. The rash may have a flushed color or appearance.

    Blisters from shingles, which may ooze, typically contain fluid. Blisters that form can burst and become open sores or dry out and form scabs.

    The rash may appear on just one site or in several places, and it may appear on only one side of the face.

    However, the appearance of a shingles rash may vary from what is typical depending on the individual.

    Shingles In Eyes Pictures

    Shingles

    With shingles in eye, most people will have a blistering rash form on eyelids, forehead and in some cases on the tip and side of the nose. The rash can appear the same time as the blister or after the blisters have gone away.

    Shingles will often be accompanied by other symptoms such as redness around eye, watery eyes, and in some cases blurry vision. Here are some pictures of how eye shingles will look like.

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    Contact Dermatitis Can Cause A Rash And Blisters

    Contact dermatitis can also cause a rash, blisters, itching, and burning, per the ACAAI. It occurs when the skin comes into contact with an irritant or an allergen, such as soaps, laundry detergents, shampoos, metals, medications, and more. Allergens like poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac can cause red, itchy rashes that may include blisters. Treatment can offer relief and aid healing.

    Measles Rash Looks Like Flat Red Spots

    Like the shingles rash and herpes simplex, measles is caused by a virus. Measles is highly contagious. Symptoms of measles typically begin with a high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes, according to the CDC. Three to five days later, a rash that looks like flat red spots appears, normally starting on the face at the hairline and spreading down the body to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet. Measles is a very serious disease that can lead to complications and death fortunately, it can be prevented with a measles vaccine.

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    How Eye Shingles Are Treated

    You do not have to endure shingles. With the help of your doctor, you can overcome the discomfort and help the outbreak to heal. You can also take some steps to reduce the frequency and severity of your outbreaks.

    The key is to get help within three days of the start of an outbreak. That is the moment at which your immune system is still strong but could use a little boost. Antiviral medications can tamp down the virus and send it back to the nerve root, so you will feel a bit more comfortable.

    You will still be at risk for future outbreaks, as shingles cant be cured. But the treatment can keep the excruciating pain and damage at bay.

    Your doctor may ask you to spend a few days in the hospital. You will get around-the-clock care for your outbreak, and your doctor can watch the infection carefully and step in if sight-stealing complications appear.

    When you are released to your home, there are plenty of things you can do to ease your discomfort. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends:

    • Cool compresses. A moist, damp towel placed over your closed eyes can relieve some of your pain.
    • Painkillers. If your doctor agrees, you can use medications like aspirin to ease distress.
    • Eye drops. Your doctor may suggest soothing drops to help your tissues knit back together.

    If You Get The Shingles Vaccine Does This Mean Youre 100% Protected From Getting Shingles

    How to treat shingles

    No. Just like most vaccines, getting vaccinated with a shingles vaccine doesnt provide 100% protection from disease. However, getting the shingles vaccine reduces your risk of developing shingles.

    Even if you do develop shingles, youll be more likely to have a mild case. Also, youll be much less likely to develop postherpetic neuralgia, a painful condition that can follow a shingles outbreak.

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    What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Shingles

    Shingles causes a painful, blistering rash on your skin. If you get shingles, you may notice the following:

    • Before the rash appears: For 1 to 2 days before the rash appears, you may have pain, burning, or tingling on an area of skin where the rash will develop. Some people say they felt an electrical sensation on their skin before getting the rash.

    • Rash appears: A painful, blistering rash appears. It usually appears on one side of your body, often on the torso however, it can appear anywhere on your skin. Some people get more blisters after the rash appears, so it can seem that the rash is spreading.

    • Rash starts to clear: As the rash clears, the blisters may crack open, bleed, and scab over. For most people, the rash will clear within 2 to 4 weeks.

    Although the rash will clear on its own, treatment is important. Taking medication within 3 days of getting the shingles rash can:

    • Reduce your risk of developing other health problems, such as long-lasting nerve pain, pneumonia, or hearing loss

    Shingles rash on the face

    If you have a shingles rash on your face, immediately seeing a doctor for treatment could save your eyesight.

    Shingles Linked To Stroke Heart Attack

    Not only do shingles flare-ups hurt, research says they can increase your short-term risk of heart attack and stroke following the virus outbreak.

    Shingles was found to raise the risk of stroke by 35% and the risk of heart attack by nearly 60%, according to a study of more than half a million people. The risk of stroke was highest in those under age 40.

    Its been known for a while now that zoster causes stroke, said Dr. Gwen Wigand-Bolling, an internist at . The inflammation it creates causes heart attack and stroke, and shingles causes increased blood clotting in the arteries, she added.

    The risks of both stroke and heart attack were highest in the first year after the onset of shingles and decreases with time, researchers said.

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    The Shingles Rash Usually Occurs On One Side Of The Body Or Face Most Commonly On The Trunk

    Its easy to mistake a shingles rash for another health condition that affects the skin. The shingles virus typically causes a painful rash and blisters, which can resemble many other skin conditions psoriasis, eczema, and hives among them. However, there are a few signs that your rash is more likely to be shingles than something else.

    To get shingles, you must have had chickenpox. Shingles, or herpes zoster, occurs when the chickenpox virus reactivates after lying dormant in the body. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that 1 out of 3 people in the United States will get shingles in their lifetime. While your risk of getting shingles increases as you age, anyone can get it if they had chickenpox, notes the CDC.

    About half of all shingles cases occur in adults age 60 or older, and the risk of getting shingles becomes much greater by age 70, according to the National Institute on Aging.

    Who Should Be Vaccinated With Shingrix

    Shingles: Signs, Symptoms, and Complications

    The Shingrix vaccine is recommended for those 50 years of age and older who are in good health.

    You should get the Shingrix vaccine even if:

    • Youve had shingles already.
    • Youve been previously vaccinated with Zostavax . If youve been vaccinated with Zostavax, wait at least eight weeks before getting vaccinated with Shingrix.
    • You dont know for sure if youve ever had chickenpox.

    Ask your healthcare provider, who knows your entire health history if getting this vaccine is right for you.

    Recommended Reading: How Can You Contract Shingles

    Triggers Of Shingles In The Eye

    Below is a brief summary of the common triggers of shingles in the eye

    Age

    As you continue to grow older, your immune system continues to become weaker. If you have varicella zoster from shingles in the past, your chances of getting shingles increases as you advance in age.

    Old people need to be very well taken care of so that there immune system stays strong enough for shingles not to erupt.

    Viral diseases

    Another trigger for shingles is viral diseases such as HIV/AIDS. When you have a viral disease, your immune system is totally weakened and you are likely to get shingles. The shingles in the eye in such a case will always come back following treatment.

    Stress

    Stress increases the chances of getting shingles although indirectly. When you are stressed, your appetite levels drop greatly. This will definitely result to a weakened immune system since you are likely to skip your meals.

    Strong medication

    There are some medications that are too strong for your immune system to totally handle them. Such medications make you vulnerable to attacks such as those by shingles.

    For that reason, if you are taking very strong medications that are probably making it difficult for you to eat you should be monitored closely by your doctor.

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    Where Does Shingles Come From

    When you have chickenpox as a child, your body fights off the varicella-zoster virus and the physical signs of chickenpox fade away, but the virus always remains in your body. In adulthood, sometimes the virus becomes active again. This time, the varicella-zoster virus makes its second appearance in the form of shingles.

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    Shingles Rash In The Eyes

    Ophthalmic shingles, or herpes zoster ophthalmicus , is when the shingles rash is in and/or around the eye. It is a severe variant that affects 20% of people with the infection.

    If you develop a shingles rash near your eye, contact your healthcare provider right away.

    lauraag / Getty Images

    HZO usually appears within two to four weeks after a shingles rash starts. People who have a compromised immune system, such as those with HIV/AIDS, are at higher risk for developing this.

    All parts of the eye can be affected. For example:

    • You can develop blisters around the eye that may cause the eyelids and surrounding area to swell.
    • The corneaâthe transparent part over the front of the eyeâcan be affected, causing calcification .
    • Blood vessels in the eye could become more pronounced blood flow to the eye could be impacted.

    To reduce your risk of long-term eye complications, contact your healthcare provider right away if you have a shingles rash on your face.

    When You Should See Your Doctor

    Shingles: What You Should Know | Johns Hopkins Medicine

    Go to your doctor as soon as you see the rash, as treatment is most effective if its started early.

    Your doctor may prescribe antiviral medicine, which may help you recover faster and will reduce the chance that the pain will last for a long time.

    Your doctor may also give you medicine for pain relief.

    See your doctor again if:

    • you get any blisters on your face
    • your fever or pain gets worse
    • your neck gets stiff, you cant hear properly or you feel less able to think clearly
    • you develop new symptoms such as drooping or weakness to one side of your face
    • the blisters show signs of infection or if you see milky yellow drainage from the blister sites.

    Call Healthline if you are unsure what you should do.

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    How Can You Prevent Spreading The Virus

    You cant give shingles to someone else, but the varicella-zoster virus is very contagious. If you have shingles and you expose someone else who has not had chickenpox or the chickenpox vaccine, you can give them the virus. Theyll get chickenpox, not shingles, but this puts them at risk for shingles later on.

    Youre contagious when your blisters are oozing, or after they break and before they crust over. Do the following to avoid spreading the virus to others:

    • Keep your rash covered, especially when the blisters are active.
    • Try not to touch, rub, or scratch your rash.
    • Wash your hands thoroughly and often.

    Avoid contact with people whove never had chickenpox or the chickenpox vaccine, especially:

    Signs And Symptoms Of Shingles

    Shingles may cause mild to severe pain, and the viral rash most commonly appears on the trunk, notes the CDC. Unlike chickenpox, the shingles rash usually occurs on one side of the body or face.

    The first symptom of shingles is usually pain, itching, or tingling in the area where the shingles rash will later appear. This may happen several days before the rash erupts, leading to fluid-filled blisters like those of chicken pox. The blisters typically scab over in 7 to 10 days and clear up within two to four weeks, according to the CDC.

    Other signs and symptoms of shingles may include:

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    How Is Postherpetic Neuralgia Treated

    Treatments include lotions or creams and/or other medications not specifically used for pain, such as antidepressants or drugs for epilepsy. Regular pain relievers are not usually effective for this type of pain.

    If your pain doesnt lessen, you might try therapies like nerve blocks or steroid injections near the area where the nerves exit the spine. Your provider might suggest an implantable nerve stimulator device for severe, ongoing pain that hasnt responded to other treatments.

    Herpes Zoster In People Who Received Varicella Vaccine

    Shingles: A Serious and Painful Disease

    Although herpes zoster has always been uncommon among children, the rate of herpes zoster in U.S. children has been declining since the routine varicella vaccination program started. Varicella vaccine contains live attenuated VZV, which causes latent infection.

    • Children who have been vaccinated against varicella have lower rates of herpes zoster compared to children who had natural infection with varicella. The reason for this is that vaccinated children are less likely to become infected with wild-type VZV, and the risk of reactivation of vaccine-strain VZV appears lower compared with reactivation of wild-type VZV.
    • The number of older adults who have received varicella vaccine since it was licensed in 1995 is quite small. There is very little information on the risk of herpes zoster in people who got varicella vaccine as adults.

    CDC continues to study the epidemiology of herpes zoster among adults and children and to monitor the effects of the U.S. varicella and herpes zoster vaccination programs.

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    Preventing Shingles In The Eye

    When it comes to shingles and especially ocular shingles prevention is the best medicine.

    Fortunately, there are two shingles vaccines:

    • Shingrix A fairly new vaccine, Shingrix is recommended for adults ages 50 and over. You get Shingrix in two doses two to six months apart, and its more than 90% effective in protecting you from shingles and post-herpetic neuralgia. Protection stays strong for at least four years after you get vaccinated.

    • Zostavax An older vaccine for shingles, Zostavax is a live vaccine that is less effective but may be used in healthy adults ages 60 and up if theres a reason they cant have Shingrix administered. For example, someone who is allergic to a component of Shingrix may opt for Zostavax.

    The availability of a newer, more effective vaccine should prevent even more shingles outbreaks. We recommend the vaccine for all of our patients, Dr. Rapuano says.

    WORRIED YOU MIGHT HAVE EYE SHINGLES ?Find an optician near you and schedule an appointment.

    Page published on Sunday, 24 May 2020

    Page updated on Wednesday, 2 February 2022

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