## What Are Roof Shingles

Roofing shingles are watertight and wind-resistant seals that protect the roof from environmental damage. They are individual roof coverings that overlap one another when placed on the roof.

Many shingle installations are placed on top of an underlayment material such as asphalt felt paper which prevents leaks from rain and snow. In addition to having a variety of styles, colors, and textures, roofing shingles vary in price. On average, most homeowners pay between $8,000 and $9,000 for shingle installation.

Depending on the location, the availability of design varies per state. The type of shingle is considered before construction because the roof pitch and construction method varies. You can choose almost any kind of shingle to match your homes roofing design and increase the aesthetic of your home.

## How Many Calories Does My Dog Need Per Day

Once you have your up-to-date weight and target weight, there is a formula you can use to estimate the number of calories your dog needs every day. Basically, when your vet is determining your dogs caloric need, there are a few equations theyll use:

- Dividing the canines body weight in pounds by 2.2 to convert to kilograms
- Resting Energy Requirement = 70 x ^0.75
- Maintenance Energy Requirement = appropriate multiplier x RER

When the equation refers to common multipliers, it means extra activity. For example, if your pup is very active, pregnant, or breastfeeding, their caloric intake will be different from a similar size, inactive and overweight dog.

## Measuring The Length And Width Of Each Plane By Hand

**Draw an overhead view of your roof.**Each area on the roof is a single plane, which just means it’s a surface with a 2D shape, like a rectangle or square. Add lines where the different planes come together. Make sure to include all the planes, as well as any shingled sides of dormers your roof may have.

**Climb a ladder with a notepad, a pencil, and a measuring tape.**Stow these items in a shoulder or hip pack while climbing for easy access. Wear closed-toe shoes with good grip and avoid working on wet or windy days.XResearch source

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## Who Has To Pay Estimated Taxes

If you filled out the IRS W-4 form, which provides directions for your employer about how much to withhold from each paycheck, you might not need to pay estimated taxes. If you aren’t a W-4 salaried employee, however, you probably need to keep estimated tax payments on your radar. According to the IRS, you generally have to make estimated tax payments if you expect to owe tax of $1,000 or more when your return is filed, and if your employment type falls into one of these categories:

- Independent contractor or freelancer

- Social Security benefits, if you have other sources of income
- Prizes and awards

You may also need to pay estimated tax as a full-time employee if your employer isn’t withholding enough from your salary. To update your W-4 with the correct withholding amount, use the IRS Tax WIthholding Estimator tool, complete a new W-4, Employee’s Withholding Allowance Certificate form and submit it to your employer.

Estimated taxes are due, regardless of whether you’re paid by direct deposit, check or digital payment services like PayPal, CashApp, Zelle or Venmo. Note: While you *should* be paying taxes on that income already, a new rule under the American Rescue Plan requires third-party payment networks to report $600 or more payments to the IRS.

## How To Measure Your Roof Area From The Ground

A more accurate way to calculate the area of the roof than using Google Earth is to get outside to **estimate the roof pitch** and the **base area** of the property. Using these two figures, we can get a good idea of the shingle roofs square footage and estimate your asphalt shingles needs and costs. This DIY technique can be helpful, especially if you are not comfortable getting on your roof, or if you have limited access to it.

Ground measures only work well for a gabled roof, since there are usually just two main rectangular pitches to calculate area for. For more complex roof shapes, like hip roofs, youll need to work with a roofer or measure from on top of the roof itself to calculate its total area.

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## Determine Your Shingle Type

If you have hip and ridge caps, you will need to add the length and width of each ridge cap and the length and width of the hip then add them together for a total number. If your roof has only hips and no ridges, use the hip measurement instead of adding the hip and ridge cap measurements.

If installing architectural shingles, count every four rows as one square foot. Because of overlapping shingles along rooflines, chimneys, or other roof protrusions, you may have slightly more shingles than your square footage calls for. Therefore, your choice of material should also be a factor in determining how many shingles you need to buy. If you are replacing your old roof with slate or composite shingles, then you may only have to buy around 100 squares of shingles. Asphalt roofing shingles, on the other hand, need more. You need around 120 squares of asphalt shingles if the new roof is 8 times 10 feet and under 180 squares for 8 times 12 feet roof, and 240 squares for 8 times 16 feet roof. Remember to estimate for multiple layers of shingles! Apart from that, when you look at the Technonicol site, you will realize that there are other kinds of roofing shingles that you can consider and they vary in size.

## Add Extra Shingles To Cover The Ice And Water Shield

If you plan to lay an ice and water shield down before installing your roofing shingles, add 1/4 inch for every row covered. For example, if you have 12-row roof measuring 16 feet long, you will need an extra 6 inches for the ice and water shield if it is a 20-foot-long gable roof, then add 9 inches and if it is a 26-foot hip roof then add 12 inches.

When remodeling your home and have realized that you need a new roof, then it is time to decide just how many shingles you need. When it is time to purchase shingles for your home, you will need to know how many shingles will fit on your roof. You do not want to make the costly mistake of overestimating and buying too many. And if you underestimate, you may have a leaky roof due to insufficient coverage from the shingles. You should also be careful in regards to calculating how many roofing shingles you need as this will solely determine the amount of weight on your house and how sturdy the new roof will be.

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## One: Get Up On Our Roof Safely And Take Initial Measurements

Sketch out the shape of your roof on graph paper. In this example, youd only need to measure the overall width and length, the central ridge, and one of the hips . If you have a more complex roof shape with dormers, take all the measurements you can and prepare to use your eraser to refine the image of your overall roof structure. Make sure you have solid footing and if possible, use fall protection to keep yourself safe. Be mindful of hazards like ridge vents. Note the lengths in feet:

## How To Measure Your Roof From The Top Of The Structure

The most accurate way to measure your roof is by being on top of the roof itself. You can make sure each roof sections slope area is accounted for. Youll need some graph paper, measuring tape, and a calculator. For our example, well use a hip roof, though you can use this technique to measure any shape roof with varying complexity.

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## What About The Waste Factor Should I Order Extra Roofing Materials

You want to order extra material to account for waste. Waste factors vary.

10%-15% is a good rule of thumb, but your results may be different. More complicated roofs will have a higher waste factor because there are usually more cut shingles around corners, walls, and edges.

It is okay to have a few shingles left over. They can be saved in case there is roof damage later or if repairs need to be done in the future.

So for the 24 square roof example, you would want to add 2.4 squares which equal about 7 or 8 more bundles.

## How Do I Pay My Estimated Taxes

When filing your estimated taxes, use the 1040-ES IRS tax form or the 1120-W form if you’re filing as a corporation. You can fill out the form manually with the help of the included worksheets, or you can rely on your favorite tax software or tax adviser to walk you through the process and get the job done. From there, you can pay your federal taxes by mail or online through the IRS website. You’ll also find a complete list of accepted payment methods and options, including installment plans.

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## Calculating The Area From The Building’s Square Footage

**Find the square footage or square meterage of your home.**You’ll need this information to estimate the area of your roof. You can find this information online on real estate websites or on your house or building title.XResearch source

**Measure the pitch of your roof**

**in the attic.**Mark a length of 1 foot on a long level, starting from one end. Hold the end you measured from against the bottom of a rafter so it’s sticking straight out horizontally and is level. From the 1 ft spot you marked on the level, measure upward to the rafter. The number is the first part of the pitch, while “12 inches” is the second part of the pitch. So if you measured a “5” going up, the pitch is 5/12, or 5 inches every 1 foot.XResearch source

## Calculating How Many Shingles You’ll Need

**Convert the area into roofing squares, the measurement used for materials.**In roofing terms, a “square” is 100 square feet . Therefore, divide your total area by 100 to get the number of squares.XResearch source

**Determine the number of shingle bundles you’ll need by multiplying by 3.**Shingles typically come in a bundle that’s large enough to cover 1/3 of a square. To figure out how many bundles you’ll need, multiply the number of squares by 3.XResearch source

**Figure out the amount of roofing felt you’ll need by dividing by 2 or 4.**Felt is what goes under the shingles. If you’re buying 15-pound felt, 1 roll will be enough for 4 squares. If you’re buying 30-pound felt, 1 roll will be enough for 2 squares. Divide your squares by one of these numbers to get the number of rolls you’ll need, depending on the thickness of felt you want.XResearch source

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## Tips For Calculating Roof Area So Youll Know How Many Bundles Per Square Youll Need For Roof Area Coverage

So you need a new roof, whether its to adorn your newly built home or to replace your existing roof. Like most North Americans, youve wisely decided to go with asphalt shingles due, in large part, to their vast range of styles and color blends. Like most of your neighbors, you plan to have the shingles installed by a professional roof contractor who will handle all the material calculations however, the information below will help you understand how to estimate the amount of shingles and accessory materials you need for your roof.

Calculating how many shingles you need for your roof is very similar to calculating how much carpet you need for your floors or how much wallpaper you need for your walls simply determine the area of the roof and divide by the area covered by each package of shingles.

Sounds simple, right? The only hard part is getting the actual measurements, and there are various ways to do this. Most likely, the roofer will physically get on the roof and, using a good old-fashioned tape measure, measure the areas of all the various roof sections and total them together. Of course, if the house is a new construction, these values will be readily available from the architectural drawings.

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## Determine The Size Of Your First Row Of Shingles

The first row of roofing shingles is usually ordered differently than the rest. That accounts for the fact that you will start the rows at an angle called a starter strip. A standard starter strip is 2 inches longer than your roof. However, if your roof has a hip or ridge, you should add 3 or 6 inches to your measurement . That is because an extra 3 or 6 inches will be added to the first row to make installation easier. For example, if your roof measures 16 feet long, you will need a starter strip that is 20 or 18 inches long. If your roof measures 26 feet long, a 30 or 24-inch starter strip will be needed.

To calculate how many roofing shingles are needed for the first row of shingles, you will need to determine the size of each shingle. If you are using asphalt shingles, this number is 5 inches if you are using fiberglass, it is 5 1/2 inches. To cover the length of your roof plus the starter strip, you will need to multiply the size of each shingle times how that size covers many rows. So, if you are using an asphalt shingle and covering 12 rows, you will need 60 inches of length if you use a fiberglass shingle and covering 14 rows, add 3 inches to your measurement.

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## Calculate The Number Of Shingles Needed For The Valleys

The valleys in your roof will also take up more shingles than those on the rest of your roof. For a standard roof, you will require 50% more shingles for the valleys. So, for a roof that measures 16 feet long, you will need 1.3 times as many shingles. If it is a 20-foot-long gable roof, then 1.6 times as many shingles will be needed and if it is a 26-foot-long hip roof, then two times as many shingles are necessary.

## Figure Out Your Homes Footprint

If you use the square footage of your home, youll only get a vague idea of what the square footage of your roof is. Thats why you have to figure out your homes footprint.

A person of average height will have a stride somewhere between 2 to 2.5 feet. To figure out your homes footprint, you can step off the dimensions of your roof by counting the steps you take to get the length of your home. You will then step off the width of your home.

After stepping off the length and width of your home, youll multiply the two numbers to get your homes footprint.

**Length x width = your homes footprint**

Your calculations are going to be off, but measuring this way can give you a basic idea of your homes footprint. **Keep in mind, square footage of a house does not equal the square footage of a roof.**

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