Tuesday, April 16, 2024

Who Should Get The Shingles Vaccine

Are There Alternatives To Shingrix

Shingles vaccine: Should I get it?

Shingrix is the only shingles vaccine thats currently available in the U.S. This version of the vaccine only contains a portion of the virus that causes shingles.

Before November 2020 there was another shingles vaccine Zostavax that contained a weakened form of the virus. It is only 50% effective at preventing shingles.

Zostavax is still offered in other countries. For the most part, its only used if youve previously had a life-threatening reaction to something in Shingrix.

How Do We Know The Vaccine Is Safe

All medicines are tested for safety and effectiveness by the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency . The shingles vaccine meets the high safety standards required for it to be used in the UK and other European countries. The vaccine has been given to millions of people worldwide.

Once they’re in use, the safety of vaccines continues to be monitored by the MHRA.

What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider

Its normal to have questions before you get a vaccine. Some common questions you may want to discuss with your healthcare provider include:

  • When should I get the shingles vaccine?
  • What side effects should I expect?
  • How does the shingles vaccine work?
  • When should I schedule each dose of the shingles vaccine?
  • How effective is the shingles vaccine?
  • Is there any reason I shouldnt get the shingles vaccine?
  • What could happen if I dont get the shingles vaccine?

Read Also: What Are The Early Symptoms Of Shingles

When Should I See A Doctor Because Of The Side Effects I Experience From Shingrix

Shingrix causes a strong response in your immune system, so it may produce short-term side effects. These side effects can be uncomfortable, but they are expected and usually go away on their own in 2 or 3 days. You may choose to take over-the-counter pain medicine such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Contact your healthcare provider if the symptoms are not improving or if they are getting worse.

In clinical trials, Shingrix was not associated with serious adverse events. In fact, serious side effects from vaccines are extremely rare. For example, for every 1 million doses of a vaccine given, only one or two people might have a severe allergic reaction. Signs of an allergic reaction happen within minutes or hours after vaccination and include hives, swelling of the face and throat, difficulty breathing, a fast heartbeat, dizziness, or weakness. If you experience these or any other life-threatening symptoms, see a doctor right away.

Is The Shingles Vaccine Safe

Prevent Shingles: Get Vaccinated

The FDA have approved the use of both shingles vaccines in healthy adults over the age of 50.

However, there are some instances in which a person should not get either vaccine â if they are pregnant or breastfeeding, allergic to any ingredient in the vaccine, or have a weakened immune system, for example.

Also Check: Can Shingles Flare Up Again

Personal Stories About Considering A Shingles Vaccine

These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions.

I talked to my doctor about the shingles vaccine and I think I’m going to get it. My wife had shingles 2 years ago, and she was really in a lot of pain. If I can avoid that by getting a vaccine, it will really be worth it to me.

Abel, 65

I’m not going to get a vaccine, at least not right now. I don’t like to take medicines of any kind if I don’t have to.

Hattie, 50

What Matters Most To You

Your personal feelings are just as important as the medical facts. Think about what matters most to you in this decision, and show how you feel about the following statements.

Reasons to get a shingles vaccine

Reasons not to get a vaccine

I want to lower my chances of getting shingles.

I would rather take my chances without getting a vaccine.

I’m afraid of the pain that shingles can cause.

I’m not afraid of shingles pain.

Getting shots doesn’t bother me.

I don’t like getting shots.

Read Also: Are New Shingle Shots Covered By Medicare

Counseling Patients About Shingrix

Know the benefits and side effects of Shingrix so youre prepared to talk with your patients before administering the vaccine.

What to tell patients about Shingrix benefits:

  • You can protect yourself against shingles. Shingles is a very painful disease, and your risk of getting it increases as you age. Also, you are more likely to have severe, long-term pain if you get shingles when you are older. About 1 out of every 3 people in the United States will develop shingles in their lifetime.
  • Shingrix provides strong protection against shingles and long-term pain from the disease. Two doses of Shingrix are more than 90% effective at preventing shingles. So its very important that you get this vaccine.

What to tell patients about Shingrix side effects:

What to tell patients about dose two:

  • You need to come back in 2 to 6 months for your second dose. We can make that appointment now.
  • Even if you have side effects from the first dose, it is important to get the second dose to build strong protection against shingles. Your reaction to each dose may be different just because you have a reaction to the first dose does not mean that you will have a reaction to the second.

Who Should Get The Shingles Vaccine

Should you get the new vaccine for shingles?

The CDC recommends all healthy adults ages 50 years and older get two doses of the shingles vaccine to prevent shingles and problems that can develop after youve had the disease. The two doses should be separated by two to six months. You should get the shingles vaccine even if you:

  • Have had shingles: If youve had shingles in the past, you should get the shingles vaccine to help prevent getting the disease again. You should wait until the shingles rash is gone before getting the vaccine.
  • Arent sure if youve had chickenpox: Studies show more than 99% of Americans ages 40 and older have had chickenpox at some point in their lives. You should get the shingles vaccine whether or not you remember having chickenpox because theyre caused by the same virus.
  • Received the old shingles vaccine : Before November 18, 2020, people were vaccinated with a shingles vaccine called Zostavax. You cant get Zostavax in the United States anymore. If you were vaccinated with Zostavax, you should get vaccinated with the new shingles vaccine, Shingrix.

Read Also: Does Blue Cross Cover Shingles Vaccine

How Many Doses Of The Vaccine Do I Need

In most cases, the shingles vaccine is given as one dose.

If you have a severely weakened immune system you will be offered a second dose of the vaccine at least 8 weeks after your first dose.

Speak to a healthcare professional about getting other vaccines at the same time so they can advise what’s best for your individual circumstances.

You should ideally wait seven days between the coronavirus vaccination and shingles vaccination.

Contraindications And Precautions For Herpes Zoster Vaccination

Shingrix should not be administered to:

  • A person with a history of severe allergic reaction, such as anaphylaxis, to any component of this vaccine.
  • A person experiencing an acute episode of herpes zoster. Shingrix is not a treatment for herpes zoster or postherpetic neuralgia . The general guidance for any vaccine is to wait until the acute stage of the illness is over and symptoms abate.

There is currently no CDC recommendation for Shingrix use in pregnancy therefore, providers should consider delaying vaccination until after pregnancy. There is no recommendation for pregnancy testing before vaccination with Shingrix. Recombinant vaccines such as Shingrix pose no known risk to people who are breastfeeding or to their infants. Providers may consider vaccination without regard to breastfeeding status if Shingrix is otherwise indicated.

Adults with a minor acute illness, such as a cold, can receive Shingrix. Adults with a moderate or severe acute illness should usually wait until they recover before getting the vaccine.

To learn more, see Contraindications and Precautions, General Best Practice Guidelines for Immunization: Best Practices Guidance of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices .

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Who Should Get The Shot

Anyone age 60 and older should be vaccinated. Even if you have already had the misfortune of experiencing shingles, you can still benefit from the shot. It was once believed that you could only get shingles once in a lifetime but this has been disproven. The rash can recur, but the vaccine can help prevent this.

You should not get the vaccine if you have a life-threatening allergic reaction to gelatin, the antibiotic neomycin or any component of the vaccine. Don’t get the vaccine if your immune system is compromised by things like cancer treatments or steroids. If you have a mild cold, it is okay to get the vaccine, but if you have a severe illness, it is better to wait until you have completely recovered.

It is important to consult your physician about the shingles vaccine. We can prevent a great deal of misery and pain with modern healthcare, so it is important to be aware of what new tools are available and how to best utilize them.

What Is The Brand Name Of The Shingles Vaccine

Shingles Vaccine: What You Should Know

There are 2 shingles vaccines used in the UK:

  • Zostavax, a live vaccine given as 1 dose
  • Shingrix, a non-live vaccine given as 2 doses, 2 months apart

Most people will have the Zostavax vaccine. The Shingrix vaccine is recommended if Zostavax is not suitable for you, for example if you have a condition that affects your immune system.

You can read more about the shingles vaccines in the patient information leaflets:

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Who Cannot Get Shingrix Vaccine

  • Medical Reviewer: Dany Paul Baby, MD

Medically Reviewed on 5/26/2022

  • Who Cannot Get Shingrix Vaccine? Center
  • Shingrix is the most common shingles vaccine thats in use today. This is, most likely, the vaccine that your doctor will recommend for shingles when you live in the U.S.

    Who is a candidate for the shingles vaccine, and who isnt? There are only a few situations when you shouldnt get Shingrix. You cannot get Shingrix if:

    You also shouldnt get Shingrix if youve had a shingles vaccine called Zostavax within the past eight weeks. This isnt likely unless you were vaccinated outside of the United States. Zostavax hasnt been used in the U.S. since November 2020.

    Keep in mind that theres only data on patients who have safely taken Shingrix five years after Zostavax. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend this shorter wait time because its highly unlikely that the two vaccines are dangerous when combined.

    Who Shouldn’t Get It

    A person should not get Shingrix if:

    • They have ever had a severe allergic reaction to any component of the vaccine or the first dose of the vaccine.
    • They test negative for immunity to varicella-zoster virus.
    • They currently have shingles.
    • They are pregnant.

    If you are experiencing a moderate to severe illness, with a fever or not, you should consider waiting until you are better before getting the vaccine.

    Recommended Reading: Can Nerve Damage From Shingles Be Repaired

    The Biology Behind That Blistering Rash

    During the initial exposure to chickenpox, some of the virus particles settle into the nerve cells around the spinal cord and brain. When the virus reactivates sometimes decades later, as a result of things like stress it travels down those nerve fibers to the skin. As the virus multiplies, the telltale rash erupts.

    What Is The Shingles Vaccine

    Who Should Get the New Shingles Vaccine?

    The shingles vaccine can protect you against shingles and postherpetic neuralgia , which is the most common complication of shingles. Shingles is a painful rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus, the same virus that causes chickenpox. The rash usually develops on one side of your body or face. It starts with red bumps and then the bumps turn into fluid-filled blisters.

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    Who Should Not Get Shingrix

    You should not get Shingrix if you:

    • Have ever had a severe allergic reaction to any component of the vaccine or after a dose of Shingrix.
    • Currently have shingles.
    • Currently are pregnant. Women who are pregnant should wait to get Shingrix.

    If you have a minor illness, such as a cold, you may get Shingrix. But if you have a moderate or severe illness, with or without fever, you should usually wait until you recover before getting the vaccine.

    What Are The Benefits Of The Shingles Vaccine

    The shingles vaccines are the best way to protect you from getting shingles. The vaccines have been shown to reduce the risk of getting shingles by 50% for Zostavax® II, and to more than 90% for Shingrix®.

    For those who still get shingles after being immunized, the vaccines can reduce pain, including the type of pain that lasts after shingles.

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    Side Effects Of The Shingles Vaccine: Is It Safe

    Shingles is a painful rash caused by varicella zoster, the same virus responsible for chickenpox.

    If you had chickenpox as a child, the virus hasnt completely gone away. It hides dormant in your body and can reemerge many years later as shingles.

    About 1 in 3 people in the United States will develop shingles in their lifetime. This is why vaccination is important. But you should also be prepared for possible side effects. In this article, well discuss the side effects, and talk about who should get the vaccine.

    Older adults are most likely to develop shingles. This is why the shingles vaccine is recommended for people ages 50 and older.

    Shingrix is the only shingles vaccine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration .

    The Shingrix vaccine is a recombinant vaccine. This means vaccine manufacturers created it by altering and purifying DNA that creates an immune response to fight the virus.

    The CDC recommends Shingrix for the prevention of shingles and related complications. The Shingrix vaccine is also recommended for anyone who has already gotten another type of shingles vaccine.

    Currently, the CDC recommends healthy people ages 50 and older get the Shingrix vaccine. Doctors administer the vaccine in two doses, which are given 2 to 6 months apart.

    The Shingrix vaccine has high success rates in protecting people against shingles.

    The Shingrix vaccine is as much as effective in preventing shingles. The same is true for Shingrix and postherpetic neuralgia.

    Long Term Side Effects

    What You Should Know About the Shingrix Vaccine for Shingles Prevention

    In rare cases, the live shingles vaccine, Zostavax, can cause a skin rash or shingles.

    The rash that occurs with shingles can affect any area of the body, but it often appears as a line of blisters that wraps around the torso.

    Within a few days the blisters cluster, and they continue to form for several more days. The blisters can take 2â3 weeks to heal, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.

    Other common symptoms of shingles include:

    two shingles vaccines for adults: the recombinant zoster vaccine and the zoster virus vaccine .

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    How Effective Is The Shingles Vaccine In Preventing Shingles

    The shingles vaccine can provide strong protection against shingles and postherpetic neuralgia , the most commonly occurring shingles complication.

    The shingles vaccine is 97% effective in preventing shingles in people ages 50 to 69 years old. Its 91% effective in people ages 70 years and older.

    In addition, the shingles vaccine is 91% effective in preventing PHN in people ages 50 to 69 years old. Its 89% effective in people ages 70 years and older.

    Are There Any Side Effects Of Taking The Shingles Vaccine

    As with any medication or vaccine, the shingles vaccine has possible side effects. The shot helps your body develop an immune defense against shingles. Any side effects you might have are temporary and usually resolve within two to three days.

    You might have side effects from the first shot, the second shot, or both shots. You can take an over-the-counter pain reliever like Advil or Tylenol .

    Common side effects can include:

    • Redness and swelling at the shot site
    • Sore arm and mild to moderate pain

    Guillain-Barré syndrome , a nervous system disorder, is a condition that has reported as developing, although rarely, after Shingrix. However, the risk of developing GBS also is slightly elevated if you get shingles.

    Talk with a healthcare provider about the shingles vaccines possible risks and side effects and what to do if you experience any.

    Read Also: Pictures Of Shingles In Your Head

    Why You Shouldn’t Get The Shingles Vaccine

    • Medical Reviewer: Dany Paul Baby, MD

    Medically Reviewed on 5/24/2022

  • Why You Shouldn’t Get the Shingles Vaccine Center
  • Shingles is a disease that usually presents with a painful rash that affects one in three people in their lifetime. It is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox the herpes virus varicella-zoster. More than 99% of people born before 1980 have had chickenpox and have this virus dormant in the brain or spinal cord.

    Shingles activates when your immunity is low, usually with advancing age. The currently used recombinant zoster vaccine is safe and effective. But not everyone who is a candidate for the shingles vaccine should take it. Like all vaccines, the shingles vaccine has benefits and harms. You should know about both and make an informed decision about taking it.

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