Research Into Mrna Vaccines For Shingles
Several companies are researching the potential use of mRNA vaccines for shingles. Pfizer and BioNTech are partnering on an mRNA shingles vaccine just as they did with vaccines for the flu and COVID-19.
A major advantage to the technology is the ability to develop new vaccines quickly. The fact that mRNA vaccines are synthetic and dont rely on actual virus particles also means they can be quickly produced in large numbers.
While the Shingrix vaccination is considered safe, the FDA has confirmed a link between Shingrix and Guillain-Barre Syndrome. Phasing out the old vaccine with the introduction of a new one, as the FDA did when Shingrix replaced Zostavax, might eliminate this potential issue.
Pfizer and BioNTech hope to begin clinical trials later this year.
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What If You Have A Steep Roof
To measure a steep roof, use one of the following alternate methods:
Calculate the roof length by measuring the exterior walls plus the overhang for the length of the house parallel to the ridge.
Next, throw a rope over the ridge and mark it where it meets each eave. This will give the width dimension to use in figuring your area. This should be done on each roof section containing a horizontal ridge.
Determine the roof area by using a mathematical formula that accounts for the roof length, total span, and roof pitch:
How Many Squares Per Roll Of Underlayment
The roll size depends on the type of underlayment product. Synthetic underlayment comes in 10 square rolls, while regular #15 felt comes in 4 square rolls.
So for the 24 square roof example, you would need 2.4 rolls of synthetic underlayment, or 6 rolls of regular #15 felt.
- 24 squares ÷ 10 squares per roll = 2.4 rolls of synthetic underlayment
- 24 squares ÷ 4 squares per roll = 6 rolls of regular #15 felt
Remember: Add 10%-15% for the waste factor on underlayment, as well.
Finally, if you have any questions about your estimate, ask a roofing contractor in your area. Most will be happy to give you a free estimate.
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How To Estimate The Size Of A Roof
If youre replacing a roof, the first consideration needs to be the roofs size so you can accurately estimate project materials.
In the U.S., roofs are measured in square footage, and roofing contractors typically quote projects based on the size of the roof in squares. Consequently, gathering the size of the roof in squares and square footage is the first step.
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How Many Bags Of Cement And Sand Are In 1 Cubic Meter Of Patio
1 cubic meter of patio needs 5 bags of cement and 20 bags of sand that will come with aggregate and other mixtures as required.
The common role is to follow the ratio of 4:1, where the sand must be four times more than the cement. Since 1 bag of cement contains 50kg, you will need 5 bags of cement, which equals 250kg.
Besides, the sand must be four times, and thus it should be around 1000kg therefore, the total number of sandbags must be 20 since they come with 50kg each. Its a general role, but there is another role that you can follow to cover 1 cubic meter of the patio.
You may use 1:1.5 and some aggregate, and 150L water. In that case, you need to use 350kg cement, 550kg sand, 1200kg aggregate, and 150 liter water to cover 1 cubic meter of the patio.
Some people mix aggregate with the sand and go for the 1:4 ratio, where the sand will be four times the cement. You dont need to add any extra aggregate here.
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Can You Get Multiple Vaccines At Once
The technical term for getting multiple vaccines together is âvaccine co-administration.â Medical professionals say the answer to whether this is a good idea depends largely on your age and health status, the vaccines youâre considering, how urgent the need is to start building protection, and personal preferences.
As a general rule, there are very few vaccines that canât be co-administered, says L.J Tan, MS, PhD, an infectious disease specialist and the chief policy and partnership officer at the Immunization Action Coalition in St. Paul, MN. However, Dr. Tan says, there are some vaccines that definitely donât belong togetheradding that when vaccines are co-administered, they should go in different anatomic sites . âIt can be in the same arm if they are spaced an inch apart,â he says.
This allows your doctor or pharmacist to identify which vaccine caused a reaction, should one occur.
Here, medical pros and researchers list which vaccines can be given at the same time, and which canât.
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How Many Shingles Do I Need For A 812 Shed
How many shingles do i need for a 8×12 shed | How many bundles of shingles do i need for a 8×12 shed | how to calculate shingles quantity for 8×12 shed.
Calculation of shingles quantity is simple and easy if your shed roof is flat, but majority of house in US have pitch roof that makes calculation of square footage area for pitch roof difficult. The shed footprint is 8×12 = 96 sq ft but the roof surface is quite a bit more due to slope. Gambrel roofs have different slopes and configuration pitch but generally the roof surface is roughly twice the footprint in square footage.
This article describes the basic maths calculation to calculate roof materials such as shingles. If you have ever question yourself how many squares footage or square is my house roof? this article will help you find the square footage of your roof. This article describe about the maths formula to figure out how much shingles you need to order.
When you talked Roofing is about using the term square, a square equal to 100 square feet of roof or a 10 foot by 10 foot area. So a roof that has 200 square feet of area has 2 squares. Remember that unless the roof is flat, the square footage of the building is different than the square footage of the roof because of the slope or pitch of the roof and the overhangs.
How Many Shingles In A Square
For regular 3-tab, non-laminated shingles, youll have around 78 shingles per square. Some older styles of 3-tab shingles will have up to 87 shingles per square. Architectural shingles will have anywhere from 57 to 66 shingles per square.
The number of shingles in an architectural or laminated shingle bundle vary since there are many, many different varieties of these types of shingles available for purchase. Sizes are different and therefore the number of shingles in a square differs from square to square for that type of shingle.
What Is The Mix Of Sand And Cement For The Patio
The mix of sand and cement for the patio is mostly mortar mix where you will add one part cement with four parts sharp sand with enough water.
You need to add 150 liters of water for every 1 cubic meter of the patio, giving you an ideal mixture. It will also allow you to maintain the cement and sand quality.
You can mix sand and cement in a large bucket by adding one-fifth of cement and four-fifth of sand along with enough water to make your first mixture for the patio.
After that, you can go for the mortar mix, where you can add six times sharp sand with one part of cement to make a regular mixture.
However, the best practice would be to follow the 4:1 ratio, where the sand will be four times your cement amount.
Before doing all these things, you must measure your patio area, and if it is more than 1 cubic meter, you should adjust the amount to get the perfect mixture to cover that area.
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How Much Is A Bundle Of Shingles At Home Depot
Architectural shingles fall in the range of $25 to $35 per bundle . The ones that cost more than $35 are for different shapes or extra coatings for added protection. Home Depot doesnt have a laminated shingle that is more than $37 whereas Lowes does, but Lowes carries far more products, or has a greater selection.
How Many Architecture Shingles Come In A Bundle
Once you found out how many bundles of shingles in a square, you may wonder, is it the same as all kinds of shingles? Lets take an example from architectural shingles.
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Well, you may find many different answers regarding this topic. Some manufacturers sell 4 bundles for a square while the other sell three bundles only. The number of shingles per bundle is also different some come with 22, the other comes with 26.
For architectural shingles, since manufacturers sell different numbers per bundle, it is always important to count your roofs width beforehand. Also, it is important to know how many bundles of shingles in a square. That way, you can avoid running out of shingles.
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How Many Bundles Of Shingles Do You Need
Before you make a decision on how many bundles of shingles to buy, youll need to learn a little roofing lingo. In the roofing industry, squares refer to 100-foot portions of roofing. A single bundle of shingles usually contains enough to cover 33 square feet.
Bundles arent designed to cover 100 square feet because if they were, theyd be too heavy to carry. Knowing that the average bundle of shingles covers 33 square feet will help you determine the approximate number of bundles that youd need for your project.
If you are replacing all of your shingles and want a new roof, you can calculate the number of bundles that youd need by the square footage of your roof. For example, if you have a 900 square foot roof, youd need at least 28 bundles of shingles.
Now that you know how much a bundle of shingles covers, youll be prepared to talk with a professional roofing company and have a good idea of how many bundles they should be, ordering for the job.
One thing to keep in mind is that its generally good practice to buy several bundles more than what you initially need. It can be hard or impossible to find, shingles on certain colors after a few years. If you want to keep the same color for a long time you should stock up.
How Do I Get The Shingles Vaccination
Once you become eligible for the shingles vaccination, a GP or practice nurse will offer you the vaccine when you attend the surgery for general reasons.
You can have a shingles vaccine at the same time as most other vaccines. But try to leave 7 days between the shingles vaccine and a coronavirus vaccine, so that if you have any side effects youâll know which vaccine they were from.
If you are worried that you may miss out on the shingles vaccination, contact your GP surgery to arrange an appointment to have the vaccine.
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What To Know About The Shingles Vaccine
Who needs it? The CDC recommends that everyone 50 and older get Shingrix, even if they had the earlier recommended vaccine Zostavax, or if theyve already had a bout of shingles. Older adults should also get this vaccine, whether or not they remember having had chickenpox as a child. Why? More than 99 percent of Americans over the age of 40 have been exposed to the varicella-zoster virus, even if they dont recall getting chickenpox.
How often? The CDC recommends that older adults, as described above, get this vaccine, which is given in two doses spaced two to six months apart. But it remains to be seen if the agency will recommend that older adults get it again, say, after its effectiveness starts to wane four years after their first inoculation.
Why you need it: 1 in 3 people will get painful, occasionally debilitating shingles, usually after age 50, and the risk increases with age. By age 85, half of adults will have experienced at least one outbreak.
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How Many Shingles In A Bundle
Im starting to think about re-shingling my roof as its got some age and the shingles are looking a little rough. Since my roof is a couple of rectangles, its easy to calculate the surface area. I figured I could estimate how many shingles I needed and the total cost. But before I calculated the cost, I still needed to know how many shingles in a bundle?
For traditional asphalt 3-tab roof shingles, there are 26 pieces in a bundle. Architectural shingles will have around 21 shingles per bundle for similar square footage, as they are larger than standard 3-tab shingles.
Depending on the shingle manufacturer, the number of shingles in a bundle can vary widely. Since shingle dimensions vary so much, it is often helpful to have a shingle calculator to determine the number of pieces and bundles youll need for your project.
In this article, well take a look at a shingle calculator that helps you with precise estimates for your roofing material, as well as various examples of roofs and how to determine shingle bundles and squares for a new, shingled roof.
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Hip And Ridge Cap Shingles
Hips and ridges are covered with cap shingles, which are 1-ft. shingle squares that wrap over the hip or ridge. Like regular shingles, they overlap for a 5-in. exposure.On roofs shingled with three-tab or no-cutout shingles, you simply cut standard shingles into caps. You can cap about 35 lin. ft. of ridge or hips with each bundle of three-tab shingles that come three bundles to the square. You can also salvage waste shingle pieces and portions of damaged shingles for use as caps.
For roofs shingled with laminated shingles, multi-cutout shingles, and other patterned shingles, youll have to order hip-and-ridge shingles that are manufactured as companions to the specific shingle product you are using. Theyre sold by the bundle and usually cap 35 lin. ft., but check with your supplier because some products vary. Just measure the length of the ridges and hips and divide by 35 to determine how many bundles of regular or hip-and-ridge shingles youll need.
How Much Do Roofing Shingles Weigh And How Many Are In A Bundle
When most people plan to get a new roof, they don’t realize that most roofers won’t handle the disposal of their current roof. The contractor will rip off the old shingles to prep the roof for new materials, but you’ll have to get rid of those shingles yourself.
You can try loading it all up into a truck and making a few trips to the dump, but renting a dumpster instead will be much easier. You’ll need to estimate the weight of the old shingles so you can get a dumpster that’s the right size.
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What Month Should You Mulch
In the late spring and early fall, apply mulch. As the plants mature, they will start providing their own mulch in the form of fallen leaves, flower parts, and other plant litter.
It is best to leave the leaves and other plant litter on the plant for a few weeks to allow the soil to absorb the nutrients. In the fall, mulches should be removed and replaced with fresh soil.
Mulches can also be left in place during the winter months to help keep soil moisture levels in check.
What Is A Roofing Square
Roof surfaces are measured in squares.
A roofing square is equal to 100 square feet of the roof.
To determine the number of squares on the gable roof example in this post, divide its total of 2400 square feet by 100 .
This means you would need 24 squares of shingles to cover that roof. Be sure to add 10%-15% to all your material totals for trim allowance .
Pro Tip: Want to skip doing some math?Order a FREE RoofScopeX aerial roof reportto see the size of your roof in squares, as well as the slope of your roof.
Keep the report on hand for future conversations with roofers or when reviewing estimates for your next roof replacement or repair.
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How To Measure A Roof For Shingles
There are several different methods to calculate the square footage of your roof. If you remember back to grade school, youll recall that youll multiply the length times the width to find the area of a rectangle.
If you are lucky enough to have a simple roof, say a gabled roof with two identical sides or even a single sloping roof, then calculating your roof area will be a breeze. On the other hand, if you have a roof with hips and multiple gables, then youll need to spend a bit more time calculating your roof square footage.
Here are several ways to measure roof area for shingles.